English

A direct object receives the action of the verb directly and answers the questions whom? or what? An example of a direct object is found in the following sentence, Jim sent the letter to Sarah. We ask whom is sent? and what is sent? The answer to the latter of these is the letter, so it is the direct object. An indirect object receives the action of the verb indirectly and can answer for whom? or to/for what? Using our previous example, we ask for whom sent the letter? It is for Sarah, so she is the indirect object. There are two possible forms of sentences with both a direct and indirect object. The first is subject, verb, direct object, to indirect object. An example of this form is the sentence we used earlier in this section as an example. The other form is subject, verb, indirect object, direct object. Using our previous example we can reconstruct the sentence to fit this form, Jim sent Sarah the letter. Object pronouns can also act as direct or indirect objects. Object pronouns are me you, him,her, it us, you, them. We could write our example using object pronouns, He sent her the letter.

Last revised on June 10, 2019.

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