We can also compare adjectives in a few ways in order to demonstrate varying degrees of a quality in an object. One way to do this is to use comparative adjectives. A comparative adjective is used to show that an object possesses more, equal, or less of a quality than another object.
More (greater degree of a quality)
- More + longer adjective + than
- This student is more dedicated than that one.
- short adjective + -er + than
- Which bookshelf is shorter than the desk?
Equal (same degree of a quality)
- as + adjective + as
- This student is as dedicated as that one.
- That bookshelf is as tall as the desk.
Less (lesser degree of a quality)
- not as + adjective + as
- This student is not as dedicated as that one.
- That bookshelf is not as tall as the desk.
- less + adjective + than
- This student is less dedicated than that one.
Another way to compare qualities of objects in to use the superlative. The superlative is used to show the highest degree of a quality that an object has. We can form the superlative in two ways:
- the + short adjective + -est
- Are you the tallest person in the room?
- The fastest route is the one Andres suggested.
- the most + long adjective
- I am the most experienced.
- These are the most qualified candidates.
English, like other languages in this tutorial, contains several irregular adjectives: good, better, best, much, more, and most. It is likely that you see similar irregular adjectives in the language you are studying.