7.1 Direct Object Pronouns

Direct object pronouns in Spanish are as follows:

Singluar Plural
me (me) nos (us)
te (you-fam. s.) os (you-fam. pl. [Spain only])
lo, la (him, her, it, you-form. s.) los, las (them, you-form. pl.)

Direct object pronouns are routinely placed immediately before a conjugated verb:

Victor me ve en la plaza todos los días. Victor sees me on the square every day.
–¿Tu cuaderno? No lo veo. “Your notebook? I don’t see it.”

Direct object pronouns agree in number and gender with the noun to which they refer:

No sé dónde están tus anteojos. Yo no los tengo. I don’t know where your glasses are. I don’t have them.
¿La chica? No la conozco. “The girl? I don’t know her.”

Direct object pronouns may be attached to the infinitive or precede the conjugated verb. “I am going to see her,” for example, may be seen as Voy a verla or La voy a ver. 

Note about le and les as direct object pronouns

The third-person indirect object pronouns le and les mean “him” and “them” (masc.) and refer only to male persons. They tend to be more common as direct objects in speech and texts from Spain, but are now seen in the entire Spanish-speaking world.

No le veo en el cuarto. I don’t see him in the room.
–¿Les llamaste? “Did you call them?”

Vocabulario básico 

Verbos:

aguantar- to stand, to tolerate
asar- to roast
cambiar- to change
cenar- to dine, to have supper (the evening meal)
costar (ue)- to cost
desayunar(se)- to eat breakfast
hervir (ie)- to boil

Sustantivos:

el aduana- customs (at international borders, airports, etc.)
el almuerzo- lunch
el arroz- rice
la carne- meat
la cena- dinner, supper, evening meal
la cocina- kitchen, cuisine, cooking
la comida- food, meal, evening meal
la costumbre- custom
el desayuno- breakfast
el disfraz- costume
el flan- pudding, custard
el/la gitano- Gypsy, Romany
el helado- ice cream
el huevo- egg
el jamón- ham
el jugo- juice
la leche- milk
la legumbre- vegetable
la manzana- apple
la moneda- currency; coin
la naranja- orange
la patata- potato (Sp.)
el pescado- fish
el pollo- chicken
el postre- dessert
el queso- cheese
el refresco- soft drink, refreshment
la verdura- vegetable

Adjetivos:

dulce- sweet
fresco- fresh, cool (weather)
frito- fried
fuerte- heavy (meal, food); strong
lento- slow
ligero- light
picante- spicy, hot
sabroso- tasty, good-tasting

Preposiciones:

a la derecha de- to the right of
a la izquierda de- to the left of
al lado de- next to, alongside of
debajo de- underneath
delante de- in front of
detrás de- behind
encima de- on top of
hasta- until, up to, as far as; even (adv.)
junto a- next to
según- according to

Expresión:

de vez en cuando- from time to time

Last revised on June 16, 2021.