1.1 Abbreviations

You may see the following abbreviations used in this text. Their meanings are as follows:

        • adj. – adjective
        • C.A. – Central America
        • coll. – colloquial
        • def. art. – definite article
        • dem. adj. – demonstrative adjective
        • d.o. – direct object
        • esp. – especially
        • f. – feminine
        • fam. – familiar (informal)
        • fig. – figurative
        • form. – formal
        • gram. – grammar term
        • ind. art. – indefinite article
        • inf. – infinitive
        • i.o. – indirect object
        • lang. – language
        • lit. – literary, literature
        • m. – masculine
        • neut. – neuter
        • n. – noun
        • pl. – plural
        • p.p. – past participle
        • poss. adj. – possessive adjective
        • prep. – preposition
        • prep. obj. pron. – prepositional object pronoun
        • pron. – pronoun
        • refl. pron. – reflexive pronoun
        • s. – singular
        • L.A. – Latin America
        • Sp. – Spain
        • sub. pron. – subject pronoun
        • v. – verb

     

Last revised on December 7, 2020.