II. Past absolute of essere and avere

essere                                                         avere

fui ( I was)      fummo                   ebbi (I had)      avemmo

fosti              foste                       avesti              aveste

fu                 furono                     ebbe               ebbero


VOCABULARY A

 agiato
well-to-do
 *anche chi
whoever, anyone who
 *aver paura (di)
to fear, to be afraid of
 bei
beautiful (cf. bello, page)
 divennero
became (3d pl. past abs., divenire)
 figliare
to multiply (literally, to give birth)
 ingrandire
to grow (large)
 nascono
are born (3d pl. pres., nascere)
 *onde
therefore
 tenor
(=tenore, m.) di vita, standard of living
  *trenta
thirty

VOCABULARY B

arrivasse
arrived, reached (3d sing. impf. subj., arrivare)
 artefice (m.)
craftsman
 *capolavoro
masterpiece
 ci
us, to us
 esanime
lifeless (cf. anima)
 gareggiare
to rival
 *geniale
ingenious, clever
 *gusto
taste; gusto
 *in quanto
in that
 *magari
even
 *mentre
whereas, while
 oro
gold
 raggiunto
reached, attained (past part., raggiungere)
reciso 
cut off (past part., recidere)
 saggio
essay
 saliera
saltcellar
si incontrino
are met, may be met (3d pl. pres. subj.,incontrare)
 sollevare
to lift, to raise
 *testa
head

 

 

Last revised on January 30, 2017.