The present participle of all regular –are verbs (and of andare, dare, and stare) ends in –ando (parlando), and that of nearly all the other verbs, regular and irregular, ends in –endo (vendendo, sentendo, facendo).
The present participle is invariable and is usually translated by the English participle ending in –ing, either alone or preceded by a preposition such as “by,” “in,” “on,” “upon,” or “while”
Essendo vecchio, egli non lavora più. –“Being old, he does not work any more.”
Studiando, s’impara. –“By studying, one learns.”
Egli mangiave camminando. –“He was eating while walking.”
The present participle is sometimes used after the present or imperfect of stare to indicate that an action is or was in progress.
Sto leggendo. –“I am (in the act of) reading.”
Stavano mangiando. –“They were (in the act of) eating.”
consciousness; conscience; conscientiousness
hater (cf. odiare, to hate)
|tirannide (= tirannia)
tyranny; despotism; oppression
to increase, to grow
to make up one’s mind
to impress, to imprint
took off (3d. sing. past abs., togliersi)