I. Present participle

The present participle of all regular –are verbs (and of andare, dare, and stare) ends in –ando (parlando), and that of nearly all the other verbs, regular and irregular, ends in –endo (vendendo, sentendo, facendo).

The present participle is invariable and is usually translated by the English participle ending in –ing, either alone or preceded by a preposition such as “by,” “in,” “on,” “upon,” or “while”

Essendo vecchio, egli non lavora più. –“Being old, he does not work any more.”

Studiando, s’impara. –“By studying, one learns.”

Egli mangiave camminando. –“He was eating while walking.”

The present participle is sometimes used after the present or imperfect of stare to indicate that an action is or was in progress.

Sto leggendo. –“I am (in the act of) reading.”

Stavano mangiando. –“They were (in the act of) eating.”


VOCABULARY A

*coscienza
consciousness; conscience; conscientiousness
*credere
to believe
menzogna
lie, falsehood
odiatore
hater (cf. odiare, to hate)
tirannide (= tirannia)
tyranny; despotism; oppression

VOCABULARY B

accrescersi
to increase, to grow
arrossire
to blush
cappello
hat
decidersi a
to make up one’s mind
imprimere
to impress, to imprint
mente (f.)
mind (irreg.)
ottimamente
very well
premio
reward,recompense, prize
si tolse
took off (3d. sing. past abs., togliersi)

 

Last revised on January 30, 2017.