I. Possessives (continued from Unit 3)

The complete list of possessives is as follows:

Masculine

Singular

Masculine

Plural

Feminine

Singular

Feminine

Plural

Meanings
il mio i miei la mia le mie my, mine
il tuo i tuoi la tua le tue your, yours (familiar)
il suo i suoi la sua le sue his, her, hers, its
il Suo i Suoi la Sua le Sue your, yours (polite)
il nostro i nostri la nostra le nostre our, ours
il Vostro i vostri la vostra le vostre your, yours (familiar)
il loro i loro la loro le loro their, theirs
il Loro i Loro la Loro le Loro your, yours (polite)

 

  1. The possessives listed above may be used either as adjectives or as pronouns.

Roberto cerca il suo cappello e il mio. –“Robert is looking for his hat and mine.”

  1. The definite article is part of the possessive, but it is sometimes omitted with certain singular, unmodified nouns denoting close relationship.

il mio cappello or il cappello mio –“my hat”

le sue opere or le opere sue –“his works”

mio padre, mia sorella –“my father, my sister”

  1. The definite article of the possessive contracts with prepositions in the same way as has already been discussed. (See section on contractions, Unit 3).

nei miei libri –“in my books”


VOCABULARY

*debolezza
weakness
*essere (m.)
being
età
age; ages
fanciullo
child
genitori (m. pl.)
parents
indirizzato
directed
*noia
boredom
*piacere (m.)
pleasure
*saper [=sapere]
to know, to know how to
*senza
without
*vizio
vice

 

Last revised on October 9, 2018.